How Many Excersises per Muscle Group Should You Exactly Do?

Benedict Ang, CPT, PN1-NC
Published by Benedict Ang, CPT, PN1-NC | Staff Writer & Senior Coach
Last updated: January 27, 2024
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As my clients become more familiar with the structure of their training plans, they start to realize that I carefully choose how many exercises they do per muscle group during weight training.

But what I sometimes see is that people start to increase or decrease the weekly training volume for certain muscles.

It's not always a bad thing to do, but you have to be careful that these changes don't end up causing problems for your goals.

Based on my research and experience with professional athletes, there are a few approaches to take for optimal muscle growth. In this post, I'll cover both the lower and upper body muscle groups to show you the best ones.

Quick Summary

  • You should aim at performing at least three exercises, each comprising sets sets per muscle group.
  • Some of the muscle groups you should work on are the back, shoulders, chest, biceps, triceps, quads, core, glutes, abs, calves, and hamstring.
  • A 1982 study from the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport suggests that doing low repetitions with heavier weights increases strength gains
  • The number of sets and reps you perform depends on the following goals: toning, weight loss, and bulking.

How Many Exercises Per Muscle Group Should You Plan For?

men in a workout session at the gym

I've put together a list of 10 different muscles to show you how you need to approach training them.

1. Back

The back has some of the most intricate muscles in the upper body, and the main ones you'll be training are the traps, lats, and spinal erectors. It's quite a large muscle group, and when you look at a diagram, you'll see muscles running from the base of your skull to your shoulder blades and diagonal across the back as well.

I would aim to pick 3 to 4 back exercises per section per week and do 3 sets of each.

These should be a combination of push, pull, and back extensions:

  • Deadlift
  • Lat pulldown
  • Back extension
  • Dumbbell rows

Also, I always get my clients to mix things around to avoid adaptation.

2. Shoulders

woman in a lateral raise position

Many people tend to get mixed up with back and shoulder exercises, and it does make sense to combine these upper body sections into one training day.

For such combination days, I would recommend doing the same number of exercises per muscle group. You can even alternate between muscle groups to add more muscle confusion.

The shoulders are made up of the rear, lateral, and front delts. From the outside, they look and feel like one large muscle, but slight variations in weight lifting may achieve different results.

Aim for 2 to 3 different exercises for the shoulder with three sets each:

  • Lateral raises
  • Incline bench press
  • Overhead/military press
  • Face pulls

3. Chest

What people refer to as the chest muscles is actually one very large muscle called the pectoralis major, or simply the pecs.

When it comes to this particular muscle group, I would generally recommend focusing on doing a mix of decline, level, and incline bench presses. By combining these upper-body exercises, you can add and reduce the strain on different muscle parts.

The result should be a much better-shaped muscle than you'd get from just doing one exercise.

So, aim for those three exercises and do three sets each:

  • Bench press
  • Cable chest fly
  • Dips
  • Decline dumbbell flys

4. Biceps

man using a dumbbell shirtless

This is the first body part we're getting to where you're going to be doing more isolation exercises than anything else.

Typically, this specific muscle group should be targeted on the same day as the triceps and forearms. You're going to be looking at different combinations of curls with barbells and dumbbells.

By switching out the hand position from standard grip to hammer curls, you'll be able to train both the short and long head of the biceps better [1].

Pick three different workouts for every arm day and do them for 3 to 4 sets:

  • Hammer curl
  • Preacher curl
  • Reverse grip curl
  • Barbell curl
  • Chin-ups

5. Triceps

If you're one of my clients, you'll be targeting the triceps muscles on the same day as the biceps. And that will mean three exercises per muscle group.

This muscle is made up of the long head, the lateral head, and the medial head [2]. They all make up a unique shape and, when trained properly, will give you that diamond shape when flexed.

You'll need to do combinations of dips, triceps kickbacks, pulldowns, and mix around the handgrip. It's possibly one of the easiest muscles to find different workouts simply by changing the grip.

The result should be 3 or 4 exercises with three sets each:

  • Bench press
  • Cable chest fly
  • Dips
  • Decline dumbbell flys

6. Abs & Core

man doing bicycle kicks

Call it the six-pack or eight-pack; achieving ripped abs will come down to getting the right training volume and spreading it out over a few days.

Don't pick one exercise, like boring crunches, and think you're done.

Instead, pick about 5 or 6 exercises like:

  • Bicycle kicks
  • In and outs
  • V-ups
  • Leg raises
  • Pulse-ups
  • Crunchy frogs

7. Quads

We've covered how to approach an upper body workout; now it's time for everything below the hips. And the quads are quite a complex combination of muscles that make up the front and outside of your thighs.

Because of the way these muscles work, it's quite easy to bring a bit of diversity into the mix.

Squats are the obvious candidate, but you'll find leg extensions and presses very helpful in shaping your quads.

Pick 3 to 4 different exercises or foot positions and do three sets each. It's a big muscle area, so make sure it gets the right attention:

  • Bulgarian split squat
  • Leg extensions
  • Leg press

8. Glutes

woman working out her glutes

This is a major muscle group in the human body and one of the largest, as well [3].

One problem I have found with clients is that they just rely on other leg exercises like leg curls and presses for their glutes training.

However, a more targeted approach with a certain foot position in the leg press or by doing glute bridges could have a better impact.

Aim to do three exercises with three sets each:

  • Squat
  • Barbell glute bridge
  • Romanian deadlift

"The gluteus maximus is the largest muscle in the human body. It is large and powerful because it has the job of keeping the trunk of the body in an erect posture. It is the chief antigravity muscle that aids in walking up stairs."

- LOC.gov

9. Hamstrings

These are another important set of muscles that some people don't pay enough attention to.

While the quads are the more visible, the hamstrings can look out of proportion if you don't exercise them enough.

It's also one muscle that athletes commonly injure, and building up enough strength may help prevent that [4].

Aim to do 2 to 3 exercises for your hamstrings on leg days with three sets of each:

  • Hip extension
  • Leg curls
  • Leg press

10. Calves

calves muscles

It's just as important to train small muscle groups. And to avoid the lollipop effect of skinny calves, you should always pay attention to your training frequency for these muscles.

It's not enough to think the other lower body workouts will cover them [5].

Aim to have at least two dedicated calf exercises on your leg days and do four sets of each:

  • Standing calf raises
  • Heel drops
  • Seated calf raises

Number of Sets And Reps Should You Aim For

How many sets and reps you should aim for heavily depends on your goals.

Before you start each session, you have to figure out not just how many exercises you'll do for each body part but also how many sets and reps.

Let's take a closer look at some of those goals.

1. Weight Loss

Weight lifting should be an important part of your weight loss routine, and one thing that may speed things up is targeting large muscle groups with lots of reps.

Your rep range should be 12–20 reps across at least three sets.

2. Toning

Toning is where you want some extra muscle mass, but you don't want that bodybuilder effect in major muscle groups. Here are two ways I tell clients to approach it.

Either aim for about 12 reps consistently across three sets, or do the eight reps bodybuilders aim for but just for two sets.

3. Bulking

For maximum bulking, it's all about building muscle mass through a combination of compound and isolation exercises. When you're focusing on smaller muscle groups like the upper arm, then aim for 6–8 reps and four sets.

4. Pure Strength

A 1982 study from the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport suggests that doing low repetitions with heavier weights increases strength gains [6].

I've found that training with 80–90% of my 1RM for five sets of 5 reps can improve muscle power output and contribute to hypertrophy.

Combining Exercises For Multiple Muscle Groups

Based on the above information, you should be aiming to do about nine exercises or sets per muscle group and possibly extend that to 12 per week for larger muscle groups.

But what you might also want to consider is that you might be able to achieve better muscle growth by taking an occasional full-body workout approach.

The question then becomes how many muscle groups to target in one training session.

And here's my advice.

It's okay to do a full-body workout once a week where you combine lower and upper body workouts to cover legs, arms, chest, shoulders, and back.

However, don't aim to do three exercises for each body part. That could end up being 30 exercises times three reps and way too much to build muscle tissue safely.

If you're combining multiple body parts, aim to keep your total workout session time to 90 minutes and evenly dedicate time to each part.

FAQs

Can You Do Too Many Exercises per Muscle Group?

Yes, you can do too many exercises per muscle group. This can happen on dedicated days where you do more than four isolation workouts on one muscle or with a full-body workout where the total number of workouts adds too much strain.

Should You Do Isolation or Compound Exercises for Muscle Groups?

You should do both isolation and compound exercises for individual muscle groups. Anyone just starting out to get more ripped might be better off with compound movements to strain more muscles. And to shape individual muscles, you can switch to isolation ones.


References:

  1. https://www.physio-pedia.com/Biceps_brachii
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK536996
  3. https://www.loc.gov/everyday-mysteries/biology-and-human-anatomy/item/what-is-the-strongest-muscle-in-the-human-body
  4. https://patient.info/bones-joints-muscles/sports-injuries/hamstring-injuries
  5. https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/strengthening-calf-muscles
  6. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02701367.1982.10605218
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About The Author

Benedict Ang, CPT, PN1-NC
Staff Writer & Senior Coach
Benedict Ang, CPT, PN1-NC is an ex-National Soccer player turned MMA and Kickboxing champion, with ACE CPT and PN1-NC certifications. His advice is rooted in education and experience, ensuring that readers receive scientific and battle-tested insights. His mission is to empower his clients and readers to realize their potential and become the best versions of themselves.
Learn more about our editorial policy
Dr. Kristy June Dayanan, BS, MD is an author with a BS degree from University of the Philippines and an MD from University of Perpetual Help System. Her ability to simplify medical science complexities and dietary supplement jargon for the average reader makes her a valued medical fact checker and reviewer.
Learn more about our editorial policy

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