Overhead Tricep Stretch (5 Steps)

Christiana Mikesch, CPT
Published by Christiana Mikesch, CPT | Senior Coach
Last updated: January 11, 2024
Our content is meticulously researched and reviewed by an expert team of fact checkers and medical professionals. They ensure accuracy, relevance, and timeliness using the latest reputable sources, which are cited within the text and listed at the end of the article. Before publication and upon significant updates, we confirm factual accuracy, committed to providing readers with well-informed content. Learn more.

Arms and shoulders training days are among my favorites. However, many overlook the importance of stretching their arms before and after lifting weights.

As a fitness trainer for many years, I've found that one of the simplest stretches for the upper arm is the overhead triceps stretch, and when you do it right, it can become one of the easiest ways to reduce sore muscles.

To help show our readers how to do it properly, I delved into a week of research to uncover steps for correct execution and got a physiotherapist to help with some advice.

Quick Summary

  • To perform an overhead triceps stretch for tightened arms and muscles, start by standing or sitting straight and raising one arm overhead while bending the elbow.
  • The overhead triceps stretch has the key benefits of helping relieve muscle pain and preparing muscles for training.
  • A study from the National Institute of Health revealed that individuals who engaged in overhead triceps stretches experienced a 40 percent increase in triceps growth compared to those who performed tricep pushdowns.
  • As a fitness trainer, I always recommend the overhead triceps stretch as a static stretch to avoid the risk of shoulder injury and suggest complementing workouts with proper supplements.

How To Do Proper Overhead Triceps Stretch

A woman stretching with an overhead triceps stretch

To perform the overhead triceps stretch correctly, follow these 5 steps to avoid common issues and maximize effectiveness:

Step 1: Start by standing tall with your left arm straight above your head.

Step 2: Bend your left arm, bringing your forearm behind you, palm facing your shoulder beside your head.

Step 3: Place your right hand on your left elbow, gently pulling it backward until you feel the triceps stretch.

Step 4: Hold for 10-15 seconds, then bring your right arm back beside your body, and lower the left arm.

Step 5: Shake out your left arm, then repeat the process with the right arm.

In my experience as a fitness trainer, I've found that going through these steps two or three times really amps up the effectiveness of the stretch for my clients.

When Is The Best Time To Stretch Your Triceps?

A fit woman doing an overhead triceps stretch

The best times for the overhead triceps stretch are just before and after your upper arm workouts. This stretch not only loosens joints and warms up muscles but also releases tension, particularly from exercises like triceps extensions.

If you have a desk job, incorporating the stretch a few times a day is beneficial, promoting posture awareness and reducing stiffness. It’s something that health and safety officers in large companies recommend for all workers, according to research from UC Santa Cruz [1].

What Are The Benefits?

A woman with good triceps in the gym

The main benefits associated with the overhead triceps stretch come down to relieving muscle pain and warming up muscles for training.

1. Prepare Muscle For Training

Incorporating the overhead triceps stretch before engaging in arm exercises like bench presses, lat pulldowns, or triceps extensions helps activate and loosen the muscles, promoting blood flow and preparing for training. Research from the National Institute of Health suggests stretching contributes to stability in resistance training [2].

2. Relieve Muscle Pain

Including the overhead triceps stretch in your cooldown routine, especially after intense upper arm workouts, can help alleviate muscle pain. If your muscles feel burning and sore post-session, these simple stretches can significantly enhance blood flow and aid in recovery.

“The main function of the triceps is to extend the forearm at the elbow joint to straighten the elbow. Extension, or straightening, of the elbow, is a necessary everyday movement needed for reaching, getting dressed, and pushing off from armrests to stand up from a chair. ”

- Oluseun Olufade, MD

Also Read: How to Build Lean Muscle?

Variations of the Overhead Tricep Stretch

The overhead tricep extension offers various adaptable variations based on individual preferences and equipment availability. Here are some options to consider:

Seated Variation: Perform this exercise while sitting, providing an alternative to the traditional standing position.

Single Dumbbell Variation: Use a single dumbbell to introduce a slight angle variation in the movement. Stabilize the upper arm by utilizing the opposite hand, ensuring controlled and effective execution.

Resistance Bands Variation: Perform the exercise using resistance bands by standing on the band or anchoring it to a door handle. Note that this substitution alters the exercise's angle, providing a different feel to the movement.

Cable Machine Variation: Use a cable machine for the overhead tricep extension. Adjust the cable pulley's height to customize the exercise.

In my experience as a fitness trainer, I often recommend clients to customize the cable machine for a smoother return to the starting position. I suggest setting the pulley to half or three-fourths of their height, which reduces the distance the weight needs to travel overhead.


What Does Overhead Triceps Stretch Target?

The overhead triceps stretch directly targets the triceps muscle at the back of your upper arm. These are long muscles that connect your shoulders and elbows and play a key role in straightening out your arm.

How Long Should I Hold A Tricep Stretch?

You should hold an overhead triceps stretch for about 10 to 15 seconds. It’s ok to repeat the upper arm stretch a few times, but I wouldn’t recommend holding the stretch for longer to avoid doing damage.


  1. https://ehs.ucsc.edu/programs/ergo/stretch.html
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4326506/
Was this article helpful?

About The Author

Christiana Mikesch, CPT
Senior Coach
Christiana Mikesch, CPT is a personal trainer and author with contributions to publications like the Chicago Tribune and Yahoo. She emphasizes a holistic approach to weight loss, combining an energy-fueling diet, goal-oriented workouts, and daily habits. Her approach avoids short-term goals and fosters a lifelong commitment to health and well-being.
Learn more about our editorial policy
Lisa Lorraine Taylor, BSc, CPT
Staff Writer
Lisa Lorraine Taylor, BSc, CPT holds a BSc degree in Holistic Nutrition from Clayton College of Natural Health and is the owner of Taylor Made Fitness. Her philosophy centers on cutting through the hype and misinformation surrounding dietary supplements, focusing instead on practical, science-backed strategies for health and weight loss.
Learn more about our editorial policy
Dr. Harshi Dhingra, MBBS, MD is a published peer-reviewed author and renowned physician from India with over a decade of experience. With her MBBS from Bharati Vidyapeeth and an MD from Rajiv Gandhi University, she actively ensures the accuracy of online dietary supplement and medical information by reviewing and fact-checking health publications.
Learn more about our editorial policy

You May Also Like

A woman stretching her thigh muscles outside
By Christiana Mikesch, CPT 1 month ago
How to Stretch Thigh Muscles (4 Easy Exercises)
A person doing glute stretches at home
By Christiana Mikesch, CPT 1 month ago
7 Best Glute Stretches for Runners (Stretch Your Glutes)
Ronnie Coleman posing his chest and tricep muscles at the gym
By James Cunningham, BSc, CPT 2 months ago
Ronnie Coleman's Chest & Tricep Workout (Ironclad Routine)
A person doing dumbbell tricep extensions at the gym
By Benedict Ang, CPT, PN1-NC 1 month ago
Dumbbell Tricep Extensions: Technique, Form, & Variations

Write a Reply or Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Our scoring system is the result of objective testing data and subjective expert analysis by a team of fitness coaches and medical experts. Our scoring factors are weighted based on importance. For more information, see our product review guidelines.