The push-up is a flexible, bodyweight exercise that for most people when executed correctly, can offer so many perks.
Whatever fitness level you're in, there is a type of push-up to suit your exercise capacity and meet your body goals perfectly.
So, we did all the guesswork to walk you through 10 powerful variations of push-ups and their correct body forms to ensure that they work effectively to build strength for your chest and upper body muscles.
How Do Push-Ups Work To Build Chest Muscles?
Push-ups can build chest muscles by working primarily on the pectoralis muscles, also known as "pecs."
It further develops the size of the pectoralis major, the thick, triangular muscle that covers most of the chest wall.
Doing push-ups every day also tones your pecs which helps reduce chest fat resulting in an increased lean muscle mass.
Moreover, push-ups maintain the strength of your upper body by activating the muscles in your shoulders, arms, the "wing" muscles, and core to develop muscular power and endurance.
What are the Benefits Of Push-Up Variations?
The standard push-up is by itself an excellent chest workout to build strength. However, being able to adjust the intensity to your level of comfort may work best for you.
Through variations of the push-up, you can do the following: Adjust the difficulty level. You can increase or decrease the intensity of the exercise.
Choose the muscle to work on. You can train the entire upper body or concentrate on a specific muscle part that you want to develop.
Shift your goals. You can adjust the dynamics to work on one or more intentions, such as strength, flexibility, endurance, or increase in muscle size.
Even if you have little time to do push-ups, you can anticipate your output by adjusting the difficulty, focusing on the right muscles, and shifting your movements to meet your fitness goals.
Does Observing A "Straight Line" Body Alignment Help Achieve A Perfect Push Up?
Yes, observing a straight line body alignment helps achieve a perfect push-up workout.
Maintaining a neutral spine and straight back during push-ups promotes a safe workout by reducing pressure and preventing injuries on the spine .
Also, proper alignment of the neck, head, shoulders, spine, hips, knees, and ankles
increases your workout performance resulting in faster and more effective strength building.
Are There Easy Push-Up Modifications For Beginners?
Yes, there are easy push-ups modifications you can do if you're a beginner.
The push-up variations for beginners are like the basic push-up done in a more comfortable position. It may look simple, but it serves as a perfect workout to develop muscle strength and core activation, for starters.
Some modified push-ups for beginners  include:
- Wall Push-ups
- Seated Push-ups
- Kneeling Push-ups
Like other variations, you can do these even without going to the gym or using any equipment.
What Are Some Powerful Push-up Variations And Their Proper Execution?
There are many modified push-ups to increase strength. However, doing them with proper body forms can give faster and more efficient results.
Here are some powerful variations and the correct form for doing them:
1. Wide Grip Push-up
The wide grip push-up is like a standard push-up with your hands placed farther out. It focuses on the pectoral muscles and strengthens the shoulders and core.
Start with a standard push-up position, keeping the spine neutral and back straight. Rest your hands on the floor and move them about two to three feet apart.
Next, lower yourself to the ground so that your elbows are around 45 degrees angle.
Then, press yourself back up to the standard push-up form.
2. Close Hands Push-up
The close hands push-up is also related to the classic push-up. However, the hands are placed closer together. It works primarily on the triceps, chest, and shoulders and strengthens the core.
Start with a standard push-up position, keeping the head, spine, and back aligned.
Bring hands closer so that the distance between them is reasonably narrow.
Next, lower your entire body to the ground, keeping your elbows closer to your body.
Then, press back up for more reps of the push-up movement.
3. Diamond Push-up
The diamond push-up is a more challenging variation of the basic push-up, with your hands placed on the ground with fingers forming a diamond shape. It helps build the triceps and the chest and also strengthens the core.
Start in a standard push-up form, keeping your back straight, spine neutral, and legs together.
Next, move your hands inward, forming a 45-degree angle.
Make your index fingers and thumbs come in contact to create a triangle or diamond shape directly below your chest.
Next, lower your body to the ground, keeping your elbows tight next to your body.
Then, lift back up to the starting position.
4. Incline Push-ups
The incline push-up uses a bench or platform to give your upper body an extra height while doing a traditional push-up.
The change in weight distribution takes off some pressure in your shoulders to focus more on your triceps and lower chest area.
Start by grabbing a bench or a platform. Do a standard push-up position with your hands on the elevated surface to make your upper torso higher than your lower body while maintaining your body's straight line.
Next, bend your elbows to lower your chest toward the bench.
Then, stretch out your arms to bring yourself back to the starting position.
5. Decline Push-ups
The decline push-up is a standard push-up variation that uses an elevated surface to position your lower body higher than your upper body.
It allows your body to work more on your front shoulders and upper chest.
Start by placing a bench or a sturdy box behind. Kneel and rest your palms shoulder-width on the ground and elbows at a 45-degree angle.
Next, put your feet over the elevated surface to increase the height of your lower body. Keep your abs, glutes, and quads tight.
Then, lower your body to the ground, maintaining your head, neck, and back straight.
Finally, extend your elbows to push your body up and return to the starting position.
6. Clap Push-ups
The clap push-up is done with a more upward thrust to make space for your hands to clap while suspended in the air. It helps develop triceps, shoulders and build chest strength.
Start with a standard push-up position, keeping your head, back, hips, and knees straight.
Next, bend your arms to lower yourself and push up powerfully so that your hands can clap once below your chest a few inches above the ground.
Then, land on your hands with soft elbows and continue lowering your body towards the ground to regain force and repeat the upward push.
Make sure to maintain your back and hips straight throughout the exercise.
7. X-Tap Push-ups
The X-Tap is a kind of Tap Push-Up that requires a whole-body strength move. It focuses on your arms and chest and building core strength.
Start in a push-up form with hands shoulder-width apart. Extend your feet behind at hip-distance apart.
Next, bend your arms to lower your body, keeping your legs and abs tight.
Then, breathe deep as you push back up with more thrust so that your hands cross over your chest and tap the opposite shoulder simultaneously while being suspended in the air.
Finally, get your hands back on the ground and continue to lower your body to get more momentum to repeat the movement. Make sure to maintain your abs extra tight and body straight throughout the exercise.
8. Superman Push-up
Superman push-ups are one type of flying push-ups that require more power and airtime. It helps strengthen your chest, arms, shoulders, and core muscles while improving your energy and endurance.
Start in a standard push-up position, maintaining your body straight.
Next, bend your arms to lower your chest and blast your body up in the air with arms straight and feet fully extended and parallel to the ground, mimicking a flying Superman.
Maintain your back straight and your hips slightly lifted to increase momentum.
Then, land your hands back down in soft elbows and continue lowering your body to gain enough force to repeat the movement.
9. Archer Push-up
The archer push-up is a more complex version because it requires you to move your body weight up and down and side to side. It focuses on your chest while strengthening your triceps, shoulders, and core.
Start with a standard push-up position with hands broader than the shoulders and about 45 degrees angle pointing outward. Keep your core tight, hips slightly elevated, and feet farther apart.
Next, lower yourself with elbows tucked and move your torso on one side so that your shoulder comes closer to your hand on the same side while the other arm stretches and becomes fully extended.
Then, push back up firmly to return to the starting position before shifting the weight on the other side. It's vital to go deeper with each rep to make it more effective. Focus on the quality of the movement instead of quantity.
"This is a hard exercise, so it can be tempting to rush each rep to get the set finished quickly, but you need to resist that temptation if you want to work the target muscles effectively." – Sean Lerwill (Former Royal Marines Commando Officer and Physical Training Instructor)
10. One-Arm Push-ups
The one-arm push-up is a modified push-up that gives twice the entire weight of your body to a single arm. It primarily works on your pecs and stabilizes the core.
Start in a standard push-up posture with one arm directly below the center of your chest.
Keep your feet more expanded and place your unweighted arm either behind your back or your thigh on the same side.
Next, slowly bend the weighted arm as you lower your body, keeping yourself in balance.
Then, push back up while maintaining your back straight and hips level to repeat the movement.
What Are Some Common Mistakes to Avoid?
It's normal to commit some errors if you're still on your way to strengthening your core.
However, avoiding faulty execution will help reduce injuries to your spine and increase your performance to build your pecs in no time.
Here are some common errors you can watch out for:
- Improper Neck and Head Posture. Poor head posture may put stress on your cervical spine, leading to prolonged neck and shoulder problems.
- Hip Drop or Hip Sag. Middle sagging may add extra weight to the lower back, leading to back pains, disc herniations, and bulges.
- Locking Elbows. Rigid upper arms place excessive strain on your joint that can further lead to serious injury.
- Hands too high above shoulder height. Putting your hands far too forward puts extra stress on your front shoulders and neck, as well as to your elbows and wrists, resulting in injury.
- Partial Movements. Doing incomplete chest workout movements may limit you from maximizing the full benefit of a push-up workout.
Are You Going to Try These Push-Up Variations for Chest?
Yes, push-up variations for the chest and upper body muscles are safe and effective.
Push-up variations can offer countless possibilities to match fitness levels and provide distinct benefits that conform to personal body goals.
Push-up is undoubtedly one of the most powerful weight-burning and strength-building exercises. It may sound conventional, but it targets your entire upper body to help you build muscle and strength even without any equipment.
So, if you plan to lose some pounds and build strength by gaining more muscle mass, you can start this great exercise today.
With a balanced diet and great supplements to back you up, there's no limit as to the number of push-ups so that you can do more reps every day.